Sign in with LinkedIn Sign in with Facebook. For the results to be in accordance with the hypothesis, the direction of the slope should become positive at values of the context variable that are considered harmful, and the positive slopes should become more significant as the context becomes more harmful. Sign up to gain exclusive access to email subscriptions, event invitations, competitions, giveaways, and much more. Conditional main effects for alcohol involvement by girls Pubertal timing was not involved in a significant interaction and therefore its main effect can be examined. Testing and probing interactions in hierarchical linear growth models. MegaZard - Facial Abuse. With respect to the biological measures, our pubertal timing variable was limited.
Estradiol also was assayed for girls using radioimmunoassay Diagnostic Systems, Webster, TX modified for use with saliva Shirtcliff et al. An error has occurred. The parameter estimates from the step 2 model of the hierarchical linear regression analyses for predicting cigarette involvement by boys are presented in Table 2. The authoritative parenting index: Neighborhood context Perceived characteristics of the neighborhood, such as perceived safety, adult monitoring, and social integration, were measured by asking adolescents to indicate how strongly they agreed or disagreed with 11 statements about their neighborhood. The biological variables to be examined include hormonal processes and characteristics of pubertal development.
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Methods Study Design and Sample Data were collected in Spring in a middle school located in a suburban community in central North Carolina. The relationships between the biological variables and cigarette and alcohol involvement will become positive and more significant as the context family [H1], peer [H2], school [H3], and neighborhood [H4] becomes more harmful. However, few studies are able to obtain objective measures of adolescent family, peer, school, and neighborhood contexts in one study. Alcohol Involvement Tests of study hypotheses for alcohol involvement by girls In the step 1 model, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates;
The relation between puberty and psychological distress in adolescent boys. The nature of biological-psychosocial interactions: Measures Biological Variables Pubertal development Two pubertal development variables were created: Pubertal development and biosocial interaction. Pubertal development and friends: